Pengertian Past Perfect Continuous Tense Rumus dan Contoh kalimat

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Apa itu Past Perfect Continuous Tense? Pengertian past perfect continuous tense, atau kata kerja dalam bentuk lampau yang terjadi dalam rentang waktu yang cukup signifikan, adalah kata kerja yang menjelaskan mengenai kegiatan yang tengah berlangsung pada masa lampau dengan rentang waktu tertentu. Ini mungkin agak rancu dengan past continuous, namun yang membedakannya adalah bahwa dalam hal ini, kegiatan di masa lalu terhenti pada waktu tertentu karena satu atau lain hal.

Rumus Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Lalu, bagaimana dengan RUMUS past perfect continuous tense? Tenses ini terdiri dari auxiliary verb (kata kerja bantu) “had been” dengan present participle (verb1+ing – misalnya “doing”). Tenses ini  menjelaskan tentang suatu kegiatan yang berlangsung di masa lampau rentang waktu/durasi tertentu.

He (the boy, Andy)                     Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-))+ verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
She (the girl, Amy) Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-)) + verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
It (the animal, the cat)    Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-)) + verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
I           Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-)) + verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
You Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-)) + verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
We, my family and I Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-))+ verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)
They, the boys, the girls Had been (+), hadn’t been (had not been(-)) + verb1-ing / present participle (doing, running)

Sebelumnya, rumus sederhana untuk Past Perfect Continuous Tense adalah seperti ini:

N (noun / subjek atau kata benda) + auxiliary “had been” + present participle (verb1+ing)

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Lalu bagaimana dengan contoh kalimat nya? Anda bisa lihat beberapa contoh mudah di bawah ini:

  • Andy had been playing football since he was a little boy, until he broke his leg at 17 years old.
    (Andy sudah bermain sepak bola sejak kecil hingga ketika kakinya patah di usia 17 tahun.)
  • Amy had been playing the piano when Andy walked into the room that afternoon.
    (Amy sedang bermain piano saat Andy masuk ke ruangan siang itu.)

Fungsi Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Ada beberapa fungsi past perfect continuous tense yang perlu anda ketahui, diantaranya:

  • Menyatakan suatu peristiwa atau kejadian yang terjadi terus-menerus pada waktu lampau.
  • Menyatakan suatu peristiwa atau kejadian dan perbuatan yang berlangsung selama beberapa waktu di masa lampau.
  • Menyatakan suatu peristiwa, kejadian dan perbuatan yang dikerjakan pada waktu lam¬pau dan sedang berlangsung pada masa lampau.
  • Menyatakan suatu peristiwa, kejadian yang lainnya terjadi pada waktu lampau.

Contoh Soal Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Setelah mempelajari past perfect continuous tense dari rumus dan contoh kalimatnya serta penggunaannya. Kini saatnya Anda mempelajarinya dari soal yang sering ada pada test Bahasa Inggris. Contoh soalnya ialah sebagai berikut:

  1. My brother was sleepy because he _____ up late the night before.
    a. Had stayed
    b. Had been staying
    c. Had been stayed
    d. Had stay
  2. Had you _____ at the party before you went home driving?
    a. Been drinking all night
    b. Been drink all night
    c. Drunk all night
    d. Drink all night
  3. She was losing weight rapidly because she _____ herself.
    a. Worked
    b. Overworked
    c. Had overworked
    d. Had been overworking
  4. Before I had my chance to tell them my side of story, they _____ nasty rumours about me.
    a. Had been spreading
    b. Had been
    c. Had spread
    d. Had
  5. The project _____ for over a year before they decided to hire me.
    a. Had
    b. Had gone
    c. Had been going on
    d. Had been

Sekian untuk penjelasan tentang Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Selamat belajar.

References:

  • Wishon, George E and Julia M. Burks. 1980. Let’s Write English Revised Edition. Litton Educational Publishing, Inc: New York.
  • Susilo, Teguh Handoko, 2014. “Rahasia Memahami & Menguasai Struktur Bahasa Inggris Dalam 30 Hari”. e-Compusoft Jakarta.
  • Azar, Betty Schrampfer. 1999, Understanding and using English Grammar, Third Edition, United State of America: Pearson Education.