Categories : Verb

 

Apa itu irregular verb? Berbeda dengan regular verb cenderung lebih mudah dihapal dan diingat (karena akhiran “-ed”, “-ied”, atau “-d” – tergantung dari kata-katanya), pengertian irregular verb adalah kata kerja yang akhirannya bisa berbeda-beda, tergantung dari kata-katanya.

Irregular Verb List dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Irregular Verbs vs. Regular Verbs

Untuk melihat lebih jelas perbedaan antara regular verb dengan irregular verb, mari kita lihat bagan di bawah ini:

Regular verbs Irregular verbs
Present tense / Infinitive Past tense Past participle Present tense / Infinitive Past tense Past participle
add added added buy bought bought
study studied studied break broke broken
love loved loved cut cut cut
cook cooked cooked draw drew drawn
cry cried cried beat beat beaten

 

Masih banyak lagi contoh-contoh irregular verb. Kita dapat melihatnya pada bagan berikutnya di bawah ini:

Present tense / Infinitive Past tense Past participle
bet bet bet
eat ate eaten
awake awoke awaken
come came come
become became become
drink drank drunk
sing sang sung
teach taught taught
hit hit hit
think thought thought
fly flew flown
cost cost cost
sink sank sunk
do did done
bring brought brought
Have/has had had

Contoh Perubahan Irregular Verbs

Lalu, bagaimana dengan contoh-contoh kalimat yang menggunakan irregular verb?

  • I bought this book at Aksara Bookstore last weekend.
    (Saya membeli buku ini di Toko Buku Aksara akhir pekan kemarin.)
    Akan aneh bila kita menulis “I buyed this book…”, karena tidak sesuai aturan yang sudah ada.
  • “Sammy, did you break the mirror?” – “Yes, mother. I am sorry I broke
    (“Sammy, apakah kamu yang memecahkan cermin?” – “Iya, Ibu. Maaf saya telah merusaknya.”)
    Tentu saja, dalam format pertanyaan, semua kata kerja / verb kembali ke bentuk infinitive dikarenakan kehadiran “did” sebagai penanda bahwa kalimat itu termasuk past tense”. Tidak mungkin juga kita menulis”I breaked it.”
  • She accidentally cut her finger with a knife in the kitchen.
    (Dia tidak sengaja melukai jarinya dengan pisau di dapur.)
    Ada juga beberapa kata dalam irregular verb yang formatnya tidak berubah sama sekali, seperti cut, cost, dan
  • The boy has drawn a very nice picture.
    (
    Anak lelaki itu telah menggambar gambar yang bagus sekali.)
  • The wall was beaten by a man with a hammer.
    (Tembok itu dipukuli lelaki dengan palunya.)
  • We’d had a dog for a while before it ran away.
    (Dulu kami punya anjing sebelum dia lari.)

Contoh Soal Irregular Verbs

Lalu, bagaimana dengan contoh-contoh soal irregular verb?

  1. The prize was …………………. away by Manchester United.
    a) born
    b) borne
    c) bore
  2. The arches have ……………………… the weight quite satisfactorily.
    a) born
    b) borne
    c) bored
  3. He was ………………………. to poor parents.
    a) born
    b) borne
  4. She has ……………………… four children in five years.
    a) born
    b) borne
  5. He ……………………. $2000 for the picture.
    a) bid
    b) bade
    c) bode
  6. He …………………… them farewell.
    a) bid
    b) bade
  7. After I had ………………….. him farewell, I hurried away.
    a) bid
    b) bade
    c) bidden
  8. I …………………… him go away at once.
    a) bid
    b) bade
    c) bidden
  9. The Minister ………………….. the foundation stone of the new hospital.
    a) lied
    b) laid
    c) lay
  10. The farmer killed the goose that had ……………………. a golden egg.
    a) laid
    b) lain
    c) lied

Jawaban:

  1. The prize was borne away by Manchester United.
    (Di sini, Manchester United berperan sebagai subjek, sementara prize adalah objek.)
  2. The arches have borne the weight quite satisfactorily.
    (Mengingat auxiliary verb “have” ada di sini, berarti jawaban yang dibutuhkan berupa “past participles”.)
  3. He was born to poor parents.
    (Born / lahir tidak mungkin dilakukan secara aktif.)
  4. She has borne four children in five years.
    (Dalam hal ini, “she” berperan sebagai subjek yang melahirkan /borne empat anak dalam lima tahun.)
  5. He bid $2000 for the picture.
    (He adalah subjek.)
  6. He bade them farewell.
    (He adalah subjek.)
  7. After I had bidden him farewell, I hurried away.
    (Kehadiran auxiliary verb “had” dalam kalimat menandakan bahwa kalimat ini menggunakan past perfect tense.)
  8. I bade him go away at once.
    (I adalah subjek.)
  9. The Minister laid the foundation stone of the new hospital.
    (The Minister adalah subjek.)
  10. The farmer killed the goose that had laid a golden egg.
    (Kehadiran auxiliary verb “had” dalam kalimat menandakan bahwa kalimat ini menggunakan past perfect tense.)

Sekian mengenai irregular verb. Selamat belajar.

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 Posted on : May 5, 2015